Types of Abortion: By Trimester, What to Expect, and Resources – Pharmacy Health Store

Types of Abortion

What are the different types of abortion?

If you’re thinking of having an abortion, it’s a wise idea to be familiar with different methods to figure out the best and most affordable option that is right for your needs. The two major Types of Abortion are surgical and medical. Both are secure and efficient. One would be better based on the length of time you’ve been pregnant, the location you reside in, your budget, and a variety of other aspects.

The Supreme Court of the United States decided to uphold Roe v. Wade, which gave women the legal right to abort in all states. Several states have adopted laws that restrict access to abortion. Other states are likely to follow similar steps. This means that not everyone can access every method of abortion available, and you could face difficulties obtaining one based on your location.

Medical abortion All you need to be aware of about pills for abortion

Based on research on reproductive health, more than half of every abortion across the United States are Medical Abortions. Medical Abortion refers to the use of pills to end a pregnancy. It is most likely that you will be taking a mifepristone tablet which is followed by a different medication known as misoprostol. Some people prefer misoprostol as their only medication.

These drugs prevent the pregnancy from growing and cause the uterus to empty itself, thereby ending this pregnancy. Abortion pills are FDA-approved to end the pregnancy for up to 10 weeks. However, they’re also available off-label in certain states. In many states, it is legal to procure abortion pills through a physician in person or via the telehealth platform of a provider. This is what’s known as “clinician-supported” medication abortion.

Most people can order abortion pills online and use them at home without working with a doctor. This is known as self-managed abortion “self-managed” abortion and is as safe and reliable as a doctor-supported abortion.

Safety Side effects, HTML0 safety, and dangers

Medical experts generally think that abortion -either surgical or medical — is completely safe. Only 2 percent of women suffer from complications, and a follow-up treatment easily deals with the majority of complications that do happen. There are some adverse consequences that many or all people will experience, but. The most commonly reported adverse effect that medical abortions cause is heavy bleeding that can last up to a few days.

There is also the possibility of cramps that are much more uncomfortable than those associated with the menstrual cycle. The cramps shouldn’t be too severe, but any discomfort is a reason to seek a medical expert. Cramping and bleeding are both natural elements of the procedure because abortion pills cause the reproductive organs to shrink and then expel the tissue of pregnancy. A moderate amount of pain, although uncomfortable, can indicate that your treatment is working.

The worst bleeding and pain can occur within the first couple of hours, but less severe symptoms like spotting and cramps can last for a few weeks. There are also symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, breast tenderness, and fatigue. The majority of these symptoms will disappear within several days. Infection and an incomplete abortion (when the embryo remains within the uterus even after taking medicine) are the primary problems to be aware of. However, they’re not common.


Although medical abortion is generally safe for the majority of people, it’s not recommended for all. You might not be qualified if:

  • Are you experiencing an Ectopic pregnancy (a non-viable pregnancy trying to form outside the uterus)
  • live with anemia or blood clotting disorders
  • living with chronic adrenal dysfunction
  • have taken steroid medication for a long time
  • live with porphyrias inherited (rare bleeding disorders)
  • suffer from intolerance or allergic reaction to mifepristone and misoprostol.

Also, you shouldn’t take abortion pills if there is one of the devices called an intrauterine (IUD). It’s necessary to remove it before you can take the medication.


Medical abortion is a very efficient method to stop pregnancy, particularly when performed before or at 12 weeks. Research indicates that the use of Mifepristone misoprostol — which is the most popular method of ending an abortion with pills –completes the termination of the pregnancy in 95-99 percent of cases.

Certain individuals, especially those living outside the U.S., may only use misoprostol with no Mifepristone. It’s also an effective abortion option, resulting in the termination of pregnancy in around 78% of those who use it. It is imperative to conduct more research on the effectiveness of misoprostol by itself. Recent research suggests an even greater percentage of success. Therefore the research could be more detailed now. Overall, both mifepristone and misoprostol or misoprostol are efficient methods of abortion by taking pills.


A study revealed that the cost of misoprostol and mifepristone purchased online ranged from $110 to $360 with shipping and other fees. Misoprostol’s price by itself was much lower. As per Planned Parenthood, abortion pills purchased in a clinic could cost as much as $750, but costs could vary based on state.

Legality and access

Many states have been rushing to limit or ban surgical abortions following the repeal of Roe v. Wade in June 2022. Eliminating access to abortion drugs is the next step for several states. Some have already taken steps to stop abortions. In certain areas, abortion doctors and providers can’t prescribe the medication to patients in their clinics, particularly if you’ve reached a certain stage of pregnancy. You might have to place your order on the internet.

The resources for accessing medication to terminate an abortion include:

  • AidAccess
  • Plan C
  • Hey Jane
  • Abortion On Our Terms
  • Carafem
  • Simply the Pill

In the future, states might not be able to restrict access to medications for abortion in the long run. Attorney General Merrick Garland has declared that states cannot prohibit abortion pills that the FDA has accepted. This means that misoprostol, at the very least, will be legal in a majority of states. Plus, president Joe Biden directed the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to broaden and ensure access to medication for abortion on the national level.

It’s unclear what the exact meaning is, and many states will likely try to contest any ruling protecting abortion access. It’s crucial to stay informed regarding the laws of your state when you’re thinking about having an abortion.

Surgery for abortion All you need to be aware of regarding in-clinic procedures

Surgical abortion is carried out by a medical professional in a clinical setting such as an abortion clinic or, occasionally, the hospital. There are two major types of surgical abortion Vacuum aspiration and dilation and evacuation (D&E). The Vacuum aspiration is typically used for as long as 16 weeks after the end of your last period, and D&E can be used for up to 24 weeks.

Vacuum aspiration

The Vacuum aspiration is one of the most commonly used methods of abortion in clinics, according to the clinic Planned Parenthood. The procedure employs gentle suction to drain the uterus. It’s usually not painful, but you could be able to feel cramping since your uterus expands when the tissue is taken out. The procedure can last between 5 and 10 minutes. It is possible to remain in the clinic for several hours following the procedure to ensure your abortion is completed.

Safety Side effects, HTML0 safety, and dangers

Similar to other forms of abortion, the procedure of vacuum aspiration is very safe. The evidence suggests that less than 1 percent of women who undergo the vacuum aspiration procedure have major issues.

Effects that may occur after an aspiration process using a vacuum could include:

  • bleeding or spotting
  • cramps
  • nausea
  • sweating
  • dizziness

Like any surgical procedure, a vacuum abortion has a slight chance of infection. The likelihood of developing an infection after the procedure of vacuum aspiration is more likely to be a little more likely than a medical abortion. The doctor you see may prescribe an antibiotic to help lower the infection risk. Contrary to myths and false information, There is no evidence that any abortion alters fertility, stops the possibility of becoming pregnant in the future, increases the risk of developing breast malignancy or miscarriage, and also affects your mental health over the long term.

Evaporation and dilation (D&E)

D&E is typically utilized later during pregnancy. It is a mix of forceps, vacuum aspiration dilation, and curettage (D&C ). In the beginning, your doctor will dilate (or expand) the cervix to make it easier to eliminate the tissue of pregnancy. They may recommend that you take misoprostol or mifepristone medicines that aid in softening the uterus, causing it to contract, which can aid in that.

Then, they’ll employ forceps to extract the placenta and fetus, a tube that suctions out the uterus, and a scoop-like device called a curette that scrapes out the lining of the uterus. This procedure can be done in a hospital or clinic. AD & E can be painful, but your doctor can provide local anesthesia or numbing medications to alleviate discomfort. Most likely, they will take you home with painkillers prescribed by your doctor. The procedure usually lasts under 30 minutes. It is possible to return home the next day; however, like many procedures, you might need to remain at the hospital for a few days to ensure that you’re in good shape.

Safety as well as side effects and risk

D&E It is considered to be a secure and popular method for abortion that is the most popular option for terminating an unplanned pregnancy that has advanced into the second Trimester abortion. This is because it’s associated with the least chance of complications, which includes an incomplete abortion when compared to other methods for stopping pregnancies within the 2nd abortion Trimester.

The side effects of the D&E might include:

  • bleeding
  • cramping
  • breast lactation or engorgement
  • nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting
  • chills

Certain complications are possible but not likely. This includes perforation, infection, and bleeding excessively or hemorrhage.


There is no condition that prevents the possibility of getting a surgical abortion; however, those with certain medical conditions might need to get their abortion in a hospital instead of a clinic to make sure they are safe. They include bleeding diathesis or taking anticoagulant medications. Also, if you suffer from an infection of the pelvis, Your doctor may delay or alter the timing of your procedure if necessary.


The vacuum aspiration method and D&E are extremely effective in stopping your pregnancy. They are effective about 98 percent of the time, with only 2 percent of patients needing to go back to an abortion clinic for a second procedure or to take a pill to end the abortion. A few sources indicate that surgical aspiration may be more likely to succeed than medical abortion. However, further research is require to establish if it is the case and why.


The cost of surgical abortion can range from $500 to $2000, based on various aspects, such as your location. The more advanced you are with your baby, the greater the operation will be.

Legality and accessibility

Legality for abortions varies between states and is particularly so since many states have taken the initiative to limit or ban surgical abortions after the decision of Roe v. Wade in June 2022. Abortions that require surgical intervention are commonplace — particularly when you’ve reached the level of pregnancy when the fetus is thought to be “viable” or able to grow outside of the uterus.

Some states place unneeded and harmful restrictions, such as the requirement of counseling before having an abortion. Some require doctors to provide false information regarding abortion safety before permitting you to undergo an abortion. These restrictions attempt to deter you from making decisions regarding the health of your reproductive system. They’re not based on evidence and are a source of stigma for those who oppose abortion.

The feeling of being judged or stigmatized is associated with lower emotional and mental health outcomes for women seeking an abortion. One method to overcome these obstacles is to perform a self-managed surgical abortion from home. So you might want to think about these aspects when deciding on what types of abortions is the best for you.

What is the situation with abortions occurring in the third or second Trimester?

Late-term abortion is not commonplace across the U.S. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that only 6.2 percent of abortions performed in 2019 occurred between 14 and 20 weeks of gestation. Less than 1 percent of all U.S. abortions were performed after 21 weeks or more. Most women decide to terminate their pregnancy when they’ve discovered serious health problems that affect the fetus or the baby experienced serious health issues themselves or were not allowed to have an abortion earlier.

If you require an abortion in the later stages of pregnancy, you’ll probably need a D&E procedure. It could last for two days and may require several visits to a doctor. You will likely receive general anesthesia. Complications are not common, and abortions that occur later in the pregnancy have been deemed safe and efficient without the risk of impacting future fertility.

Problems with abortion and when you should seek help

The risk of complications is extremely low for all kinds of abortion. However, they are possible. The most common concerns are infections or bleeding that is excessive or causes hemorrhage and organ perforation in the course of surgical procedures or even an incomplete abortion.

Consult an experienced medical professional — usually an abortion specialist in your area.

  • Suffer there is no bleeding within 24 hours after taking misoprostol
  • Are bleeding extremely heavily and is define as 1)) bleeding through two-plus regular maxi pads within one hour for two or more hours or) the soaking of one or more normal pads within one hour plus hours the same row.
  • Pass foul-smelling vaginal discharge
  • Flow blood clots that are bigger than one lemon
  • has a temperature in the range of 100.4oF (38oC) or greater
  • Suffer from the pain that doesn’t diminish after taking over-the-counter or prescription pain pills
  • Feel nausea or vomiting for more than a day or so following the use of misoprostol
  • Experience, feel, or feel any strange or worrying symptoms, such as breathing problems or chest discomfort.

Be aware of your body. If something feels off, even if it’s list above, contact a healthcare expert.

Deciding which abortive method is best for you

If you’re give the option of choosing the type of abortion, you’d be most at ease with it. Then there are several aspects to take into consideration:

  • How long have you been pregnant? The following abortion methods are more secure and efficient earlier in the pregnancy stage and are recommend to avoid later on. Medication abortions are usually reserve for earlier abortions. However, surgeries are need later. The length of your pregnancy can influence the method(s) to terminate your pregnancy you are legally allow to have, depending on where you live.
  • Accessibility: Many states limit or ban some types of abortions or place excessive and stressful obstacles -especially in the current context, following the decision in Roe v. Wade. Make sure you are aware of the laws that apply to your state and consider privacy first if you reside in a state which is not friendly to abortion.
  • The cost of Abortion Pills usually costs less than surgical abortions, but the prices may differ depending on the area you live in. You may want or have to choose a more affordable abortion. Also, if you’re insure with insurance, your policy may only cover certain methods of abortion.
  • Privacy: A lot of people prefer to have abortions within the private space of their homes or in their support networks. If you’re not with people who are supportive of your decision to have an abortion, It may be better to perform the procedure at an abortion clinic to protect your privacy.
  • The trust in the healthcare system of many people, especially those in marginalized communities, taking pills and taking control of their abortion from home might seem more appealing than working in the healthcare system.

Resources to access and finance an abortion

Navigating through the vast array of abortion-related information and misinformation on the internet can seem overwhelming. You are also navigating the costs and legality as well as traveling. Of course, deciding if abortion is right for you initially isn’t an easy task. Make sure you have support throughout the abortion. Many U.S. organizations can offer assistance with your choices, help you find an abortion clinic, and aid in arranging the cost of an abortion.

Locating an abortion service

If you’re unsure which direction to take, think about calling the closest Planned Parenthood clinic, which you can locate here. Clinic staff can guide you about the options available and help you evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each. If you choose to have one, the clinic may offer low-cost, discreet services, such as surgical and medical abortions. The National Abortion Federation also operates an emergency hotline to help you locate an abortion specialist or financial assistance to help you with an abortion.

Payment for the abortion

Certain insurance plans cover the cost of an abortion, either surgical or medical. So, check with your insurance company if you have one. You are free to ask them abortion questions. Furthermore, some communities also have abortion funds. These organizations will help you with the cost of your abortion or other associated expenses like accommodation, transportation, medication, recovery, management, and childcare.

Health and mental health sources

Abortion isn’t link to adverse mental health outcomes over the long haul. Indeed, people with abortions aren’t more likely to be confront with mental health issues than those who did not have abortions. Yet, it’s normal to feel intense and perhaps confused emotions.

If you’re having trouble with your mental health, you should talk to an informed expert about abortions or join a support group. Some other resources which may aid include Exhale as well as All-Options. They can provide you with unbiased, impartial post-abortion emotional assistance.

It’s the bottom line

The kinds of abortion include medical and surgical. Medical abortions involve using one or more pills that cause your uterus to empty. You can either order them yourself and then take them home, or get them and then take them to the clinic. Medical abortions are approved during the 10-12 week period during pregnancy. Two major surgical abortions are available: vacuum aspiration and Dilation and Evacuation (D&E). Certified professionals in a hospital or clinic perform them.

Vacuum aspiration can be performed faster and accessible from 16 weeks to 16 weeks of pregnancy, whereas D&E can be used from 24 weeks on. It’s sometimes difficult to decide which method of abortion is most suitable for you. The legal restrictions that differ by the state may make it more difficult to identify the options available in your region. It is important to think about the time since you’ve been pregnant, the abortion laws in force in your area, your budget, as well as your personal preference for medical treatment.

There are resources available to assist you when you’re trying to locate a doctor or make an abortion payment or control your mental health through the process of having an abortion.

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